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What is REM Sleep Disorder?

REM sleep disorder or RBD is a sleeping phenomenon that was truly described in the year 1986. This sleeping condition involves some unusual behaviors or actions during the phase of REM or Rapid Eye Movement. Basically, this is a kind of Parasomnia, a sleep disorder in which dangerous or bizarre events happen, affecting or intruding on sleep. For instance nocturnal dissociative disorder, sleep talking, sleep walking or REM behavior disorder.

What Happens During REM sleep Disorder?

At the time of REM sleeping phase, the body goes through a sequence of common temporary muscles paralyses, especially those who suffers from RBD. These are basically ordinary paralyses that are incomplete or sometimes not even present, so the person acts out his/her dreams and in sometimes violent or dramatic ways. However, there are many studies that revealed that about 90% of this problem occurs in males especially at the age of 60 years.

Because of the lack of the temporary muscle paralysis, the sleepers suffering from RBD become extremely physical agitated, actively moving their hands and feet, getting up and engaging in actions liked with walking. Some patients can even scream, hit, shout and talk in their sleep.

However, some sleepers can even harm themselves and their companion sleeping along with them. Even if they are having some frightening or violent dream, they become violent to a larger extent. If the sleeper woke up during REM sleep, then they remember their dream but do not know that they are moving with their dreams.

REM Sleep Disorder

REM Sleep Disorder

Causes of REM sleep Disorder

The exact cause regarding the REM sleep behavior problem (RBD) is unknown. Although this disorder may possibly occur due to various degenerative nerve conditions, for instance Parkinson’s sickness, multisystem atrophy, diffuse Lewy human body dementia, and also Shy-Drager syndrome.

Management of REM sleep Disorders

The neurologist may consult a sleep specialist for  proper diagnosis and treatment method of RBD. RBD is treated symptomatically along with various medicines. However, the actual response can vary in individual cases. Thus, all readily available medications should be tried before thinking about the patient’s RBD seeing that intractable.

The essential mechanism responsible for REM sleeping disorder is in the brainstem.  This part of the brain connects the spinal cord to the intellectual hemispheres, consists of the pons, midbrain, plus the medulla oblongata. People with RBD normally remember little or nothing of this activity, unless they fall out of sleep, bump into your furniture, or harm themselves and awaken. But they are able to usually recall and say to the dreams they were having in the course of an occurrence.

Such dreams that involve physical as well as violent activity such since fighting, moving, running, going after, attacking, getting attacked, and running via an assailant are more prone to RBD activity. Other than getting hurt themselves, sleepers with RBD from time to time injure the bed companions. Some people have been known in order to leave the particular bed, encounter a wall membrane, or run down the stairs. But RBD activity is normally confined towards the bed along with the surrounding location.

 

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